Japan is passing through an inflection point in its history that will define its future – perhaps irreversibly – for generations to come. China’s rise as a global power represents a tectonic shift in Japan’s geopolitical environment that requires strategic choices and momentous decisions. How can Japan best secure its peace and prosperity? Outside its own borders, what is Japan’s best path forward to contribute to regional and global peace and prosperity? Not since the time of Yoshida Shigeru has Japan faced such difficult choices.